Oct 25, 2020  
2019-2020 Undergraduate Bulletin 
    
2019-2020 Undergraduate Bulletin [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Courses


All courses are offered yearly, upon sufficient demand, unless indicated otherwise. Those courses offered on an alternate-year basis have the next academic year of availability indicated by a date within parentheses immediately following the course description.

Courses may be offered in a variety of formats, including online.

Although the course generally will be offered on a regular basis, the university reserves the right to introduce or delete courses, depending on sufficient demand.

Those courses graded on a Pass/No Credit basis only are indicated by P/NC.

Institutional credit only (S/NC) does not give graduation credit but does count toward full loads.

The fourth digit in the course number indicates the number of semester credit hours.

 

Accounting

  
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    ACCT 2003 Financial Accounting

    3 credits
    This course is designed to give the beginning business student a general understanding of the principles of accounting and accounting theories, as well as the proficiency to perform basic accounting functions. Topics include the role of accounting and ethics in business, the development of accounting principles, the accounting equation, current assets, non-current assets, receivables, capital assets and depreciation, and inventory costing methods. Accounting for service, merchandising, and manufacturing enterprises and developing financial statements, as well as major and recent federal legislation and its impact on internal controls in financial reporting are covered.
  
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    ACCT 2013 Managerial Accounting

    3 credits
    This course is an extension of the study of accounting principles or financial accounting (ACCT 2003 ). The course emphasis use of accounting data by the manager in establishing plans and objectives, controlling operations, and making decisions involved with the management with the enterprise. Topics covered include the role of managerial accounting in a business, job costing, activity-based costing, cost-volume-profit, budgeting, and responsibility accounting. Prerequisite: ACCT 2003  
  
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    ACCT 2903 Accounting Software

    3 credits
    An introduction to computer software used in accounting practice. Required for all business majors with a concentration in accounting.
  
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    ACCT 3003 Intermediate Accounting I

    3 credits
    An intensive analysis of corporate accounting including financial statements, interrelationships to income and expense accounts, and special emphasis on accounting theory. Prerequisites: ACCT 2003  and ACCT 2013 .
  
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    ACCT 3013 Intermediate Accounting II

    3 credits
    A continuation of ACCT 3003 with emphasis on generally accepted accounting practices (GAAP) with more complexity. Prerequisite: ACCT 3003  
  
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    ACCT 3113 Federal Income Taxes

    3 credits
    The course provides an introduction to the principles and methods of the Internal Revenue Code for preparing the tax  liability for individuals, partnerships and corporations; students will also study concepts of tax planning and administration. Pre-requisite: ACCT 2013  
  
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    ACCT 3203 Cost Accounting

    3 credits
    The internal-accounting functions that determine the “cost” of manufacturing products and providing services. Applications to all organizations involved in a conversion process where cost terminology, cost systems, and the information needs of managers are important. Prerequisite ACCT 2013  
  
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    ACCT 4013 Advanced Accounting

    3 credits
    Study of accounting for partnerships, procedures for mergers, consolidations, parent and subsidiary relationships and related agencies, and the preparation of the appropriate statements and reports. Prerequisites: ACCT 3013  
  
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    ACCT 4203 Auditing

    3 credits
    Examination of the audit-attest function along with the professional responsibilities established by the AICPA. Concepts and standards are emphasized, integrating each with the contemporary audit methods and with the complex decisions and judgment process inherent in audit practice. Prerequisite: ACCT 3013  
  
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    ACCT 4511 (MGMT 4511) Senior Business Seminar

    1 credit
    Emphasis on research skills and oral communication in a formal setting. A literature review and its oral presentation are required of all students. Special seminar speakers may be invited or topics may be discussed.
  
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    ACCT 4800 Accounting Internship

    Variable credit (1-6 hours)
    An experiential-work experience to provide professional accounting development for junior and senior-level students. Credit may be earned by placement in business for supervised training in accounting. Prerequisite: Competency in computer, math, oral communication, reading and writing. Note:  Students who receive financial aid from any source including federal or state aid or veterans’ or military benefits may be personally responsible for the tuition/fees for this course when repeating it for credit.  Contact the Office of Financial Aid or the Veteran’s Services Representative in the Office of Academic Records for more information prior to registration.
  
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    ACCT 4903 Independent Study

    Variable credit (1-3 hours)
    Note:  Students who receive financial aid from any source including federal or state aid or veterans’ or military benefits may be personally responsible for the tuition/fees for this course when repeating it for credit.  Contact the Office of Financial Aid or the Veteran’s Services Representative in the Office of Academic Records for more information prior to registration.

Aesthetics

  
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    ASTH 2023 Beginning Drawing

    3 credits
    This course is designed as an introduction to the Elements of Art and Principles of Design as a foundation for creating works of visual art, with a focus on learning to draw. Through the act of drawing, you will develop skills of observation and interpretation of God’s creations. Introduction to basic materials, methods, and techniques of drawing. Primary medium used is pencil, and other drawing media may be introduced. Emphasizes basic skills in drawing plus individual creative development in a supportive studio environment. Special emphasis on learning to recognize and value truth and beauty in one’s self, nature and surroundings as reflections of the Creator. (Does not satisfy general education requirement.)
  
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    ASTH 2033 Beginning Painting

    3 credits
    This course is designed as an introduction to the Elements of Art and Principles of Design as a foundation for creating works of visual art, with a focus on learning to paint with acrylics. Through the act of painting, you will develop skills of observation and interpretation of God’s creations. Introduction to basic materials, methods, and techniques of painting. Emphasizes basic skills in painting plus individual creative development in a supportive studio environment. Special emphasis on learning to recognize and value truth and beauty in one’s self, nature and surroundings as reflections of the Creator. Does not satisfy general education requirement.  Additional course fee of $100 is required.
  
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    ASTH 2053 Music and Art Appreciation

    3 credits
    An introduction to creativity through art and music. Listening to, viewing of, writing about, and interacting with creative experience introduces the student to art of the Western and non-Western world.
  
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    ASTH 4000 Studies in Aesthetics

    Variable credit
    Any topic in aesthetics meeting the approval of the Division Chair and the Academic Dean. Offered on sufficient demand.
  
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    ASTH 4013 Studies in Aesthetics/London Experience

    3 credits
    An introduction to the arts through experiential learning. Students will study original works of art in museums, visit important architectural sites, and attend concerts in and around London, England. Permission to register must be secured from the Director of the London Experience prior to registration.

Air Force - Aerospace Studies

  
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    AS 109 Heritage and Values of the United States Air Force I

    2 credits
    A survey course designed to introduce students to the United States Air Force and provides an overview of the basic characteristics, missions, and organization of the Air Force. Note:  The Roman numeral at the end of the course title indicates the level (freshman, sophomore, junior, or senior) at which the class is taught. The credit awarded for ROTC courses is indicated by the Arabic number after the Roman numeral, and preceding the parenthesis. The numbers in the parentheses indicate class hours and lab hours. A (“1” or “2”) indicates one classroom hour and two lab hours.
  
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    AS 110 Heritage and Values of the United States Air Force I

    2 credits
    Continuation of AS 109. Leadership laboratory includes drill, ceremonies, and an introduction to Air Force career opportunities. Note:  The Roman numeral at the end of the course title indicates the level (freshman, sophomore, junior, or senior) at which the class is taught. The credit awarded for ROTC courses is indicated by the Arabic number after the Roman numeral, and preceding the parenthesis. The numbers in the parentheses indicate class hours and lab hours. A (“1” or “2”) indicates one classroom hour and two lab hours.
  
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    AS 209 Team and Leadership Fundamentals II

    2 credits
    The course focuses on laying the foundation for teams and leadership.  The topics include skills that will allow cadets to improve their leadership on a personal level and within a team.  The courses will prepare cadets for their field training experience where they will be able to put the concepts learned into practice.  The purpose is to instill a leadership mindset and to motivate sophomore students to transition from AFROTC cadet to AFROTC officer cadet. Note:  The Roman numeral at the end of the course title indicates the level (freshman, sophomore, junior, or senior) at which the class is taught. The credit awarded for ROTC courses is indicated by the Arabic number after the Roman numeral, and preceding the parenthesis. The numbers in the parentheses indicate class hours and lab hours. A (“1” or “2”) indicates one classroom hour and two lab hours.
  
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    AS 210 Team and Leadership Fundamentals II

    2 credits
    Continuation of AS 209. Note:  The Roman numeral at the end of the course title indicates the level (freshman, sophomore, junior, or senior) at which the class is taught. The credit awarded for ROTC courses is indicated by the Arabic number after the Roman numeral, and preceding the parenthesis. The numbers in the parentheses indicate class hours and lab hours. A (“1” or “2”) indicates one classroom hour and two lab hours.
  
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    AS 309 Leading People and Effective Communication III

    4 credits
    The course teaches cadets advanced skills and knowledge in management and leadership.  Special emphasis is placed on enhancing leadership skills and communication.  Cadets have an opportunity to try out these leadership and management techniques in a supervised environment as juniors and seniors. Note:  The Roman numeral at the end of the course title indicates the level (freshman, sophomore, junior, or senior) at which the class is taught. The credit awarded for ROTC courses is indicated by the Arabic number after the Roman numeral, and preceding the parenthesis. The numbers in the parentheses indicate class hours and lab hours. A (“1” or “2”) indicates one classroom hour and two lab hours.
  
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    AS 310 Leading People and Effective Communication III

    4 credits
    Continuation of AS 309, using the basic managerial processes involving decision-making, utilization of analytical aids in planning, organizing, and controlling environment. Actual case studies are used to enhance learning and communication processes. Note:  The Roman numeral at the end of the course title indicates the level (freshman, sophomore, junior, or senior) at which the class is taught. The credit awarded for ROTC courses is indicated by the Arabic number after the Roman numeral, and preceding the parenthesis. The numbers in the parentheses indicate class hours and lab hours. A (“1” or “2”) indicates one classroom hour and two lab hours.
  
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    AS 409 National Security Affairs/Preparation for Active Duty IV

    4 credits
    The course is designed for college seniors and gives them the foundation to understand their role as military officers in American society.  It is an overview of the complex social and political issues facing the military profession and requires a measure of sophistication commensurate with the senior college level.  The final semester provides information that will prepare the cadets for Active Duty. Note:  The Roman numeral at the end of the course title indicates the level (freshman, sophomore, junior, or senior) at which the class is taught. The credit awarded for ROTC courses is indicated by the Arabic number after the Roman numeral, and preceding the parenthesis. The numbers in the parentheses indicate class hours and lab hours. A (“1” or “2”) indicates one classroom hour and two lab hours.
  
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    AS 410 National Security Affairs/Preparation for Active Duty IV

    4 credits
    Continuation of AS 409, examining the environmental context in which U.S. defense policy is formulated and implemented. Emphasis on initial commissioned service and military justice. Students will be expected to prepare individual and group presentations for the class, write reports, and participate in group discussions, seminars, and conferences. Note:  The Roman numeral at the end of the course title indicates the level (freshman, sophomore, junior, or senior) at which the class is taught. The credit awarded for ROTC courses is indicated by the Arabic number after the Roman numeral, and preceding the parenthesis. The numbers in the parentheses indicate class hours and lab hours. A (“1” or “2”) indicates one classroom hour and two lab hours.

Bible

  
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    BIBL 1013 Old Testament Survey

    3 credits
    The history, poetry, and prophecy of the Old Testament, studied with the purpose of helping the student obtain a chronological view of the importance of persons, places, and events and a greater appreciation for the unity of the old covenant.
  
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    BIBL 1023 New Testament Survey

    3 credits
    An introduction to the background of the New Testament and to an overall perspective of the New Testament books so that the student will be better able to relate subsequent study of the individual books of the New Testament to the total tenor of Scripture.
  
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    BIBL 1183 Old Testament for Majors

    3 credits
    The history, poetry, and prophecy of the Old Testament, studied with the purpose of helping religion majors obtain a chronological view of the importance of persons, places, and events and a greater appreciation for the unity of the old covenant. Students will be introduced to higher and lower critical issues as well as to some preliminary hermeneutical considerations for Old Testament books. Note:  Department permission required.
  
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    BIBL 1393 New Testament for Majors

    3 credits
    An introduction to the background of the New Testament and to an overall perspective of the New Testament books so that religion majors will be better able to relate subsequent study of the individual books of the New Testament to the total tenor of scripture. Students will be introduced to higher and lower critical issues as well as to some preliminary hermeneutical considerations for New Testament books. Note:  Department permission required.
  
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    BIBL 3393 Acts

    3 credits
    Designed to acquaint the student with the beginnings of the Christian Church. Special attention will be given to the work of the Holy Spirit as the essential factor in evangelism and mission. Prerequisites: BIBL 1003 , BIBL 1023 , or BIBL 1393 ; BIBL 2363 recommended or permission of instructor.
  
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    BIBL 4003 Studies in Bible

    3 credits
    Study of any topic in Bible meeting the approval of the division chair and the academic dean. Offered on sufficient demand.
  
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    BIBL 4283 Old Testament Exegesis

    3 credits
    Selected books and pericopes from every literary genre in the Old Testament will be used to develop a wide range of exegetical and hermeneutical skills.  Emphasis will be on how to make accurate observations, informed interpretations, and practical applications based on the text of the Old Testament. Prerequisite:  BIBL 1183 .
  
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    BIBL 4493 New Testament Exegesis

    3 credits
    Selected books and pericopes from every literary genre in the New Testament will be used to develop a wide range of exegetical and hermeneutical skills.  Emphasis will be placed on how to make accurate observations, informed interpretations, and practical applications based on the text of the New Testament.

Biology

  
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    BIOL 1004 General Biology I

    4 credits
    General Biology I encompasses scientific philosophy and methodology, chemistry and biochemistry, cell biology and genetics. Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    BIOL 1014 General Biology II

    4 credits
    General Biology II encompasses population genetics, evolution, taxonomy and diversity, basic plant and animal anatomy and physiology, and ecology. Prerequisite:  BIOL 1004  with a minimum grade of C-. Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    BIOL 1054 Survey of Anatomy and Physiology

    4 credits
    A one-semester survey emphasizing the interrelationships between the various human organ systems. Does not give credit toward a biology, pre-medical/pre-dental majors, or nursing. Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    BIOL 1104 Introduction to Biology

    4 credits
    An introduction for non-majors emphasizing philosophy of science, cell biology, genetics, diversity of organisms, ecology, and evolution. Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    BIOL 2024 Botany

    4 credits
    The phylogenetic relationships within the plant kingdom and the comparative structure, function, development, and ecology of representative plants. Prerequisite: BIOL 1014  or BIOL 1104 . Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    BIOL 2034 Zoology

    4 credits
    The phylogenetic relationships within the animal kingdom and the comparative anatomy, physiology, development, and ecology of representative animals. Prerequisite: BIOL 1014  or BIOL 1104 . Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    BIOL 2074 Environmental Science

    4 credits
    Energetics, pollution, and resource management; the distribution of organisms; the ethics of man’s influence on the environment. Recommended prerequisite: BIOL 1014  or BIOL 1104 . Note:  Additional laboratory fee of $65 and travel fee of $25 are required.
  
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    BIOL 2103 Medical Terminology

    3 credits
    A study of medical terminology that will aid in the understanding of medical-related courses and assist in preparation for professions related to medicine.
  
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    BIOL 2203 Nutrition for Health Care Professionals

    3 credits
    Investigation of targeted general and clinical nutrition topics, including principles of nutrition related to function, digestion, and requirements of nutrients, life-cycle nutrition, relationships of diet to health maintenance, physical fitness, and disease, and the role of nursing and other health-care professionals and nutrition. Recommended prerequisite: BIOL 1004  or BIOL 1104 .
  
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    BIOL 2254 Ecology

    4 credits
    Study of the relationships organisms have with each other and with their environments. Themes include populations, communities, ecosystems, biodiversity, and conservation biology. Prerequisite: BIOL 1014  or BIOL 1104 . Note: An overnight trip is required. Additional laboratory fee of $65 and travel fee of $25 are required.
  
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    BIOL 2353 Introduction to Ornithology

    3 credits
    A basic introduction to the study of birds including diversity, field identification, and song recognition for species common to South Carolina. Students will learn to identify resident birds using field marking, calls and behaviors. Classwork will be supplemented by field trips to local birding hotspots which might require minimal cost. Students will spend considerable time in the field and maintain a log of observed species. Recommended prerequisite: BIOL 1014 . Note: A travel fee of $25 is required.
  
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    BIOL 2373 Conservation Biology

    3 credits
    This course will explore basic principles and practices involved in the conservation of biological diversity. Instruction will center on readings, forum discussions, brief reflection papers, and interactive computer simulations. Emphasis will be given to scientific concepts, practical applications, and ethical concerns inherent in the discipline of conservation biology. Recommended prerequisite: BIOL 1014  or BIOL 1104 . Note: A travel fee of $25 is required.
  
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    BIOL 2393 Biology in the News

    3 credits
    A survey course in which students explore biology-related topics currently in the news. Emphasis will be placed on current events, issues, and developments and the fundamental biological principles behind them. Coursework will consist of readings, problem-based learning exercises, electronic discussions, topical study guides, and written tests. Does not meet general education requirement for a lab science.
  
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    BIOL 2454 Introduction to Animal Science

    4 credits
    Basic scientific fundamentals of livestock production, including feeding and nutrition, reproductive physiology, selective breeding, health, management, and marketing of major and minor species. Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    BIOL 2874 Herpetology

    4 credits
    This course will explore the diversity of reptiles and amphibians, covering evolutionary history, anatomy and physiology, reproduction, behavior, ecology, biogeography, and conservation. Emphasis will be placed on the ecology and identification of habitats and species native to the southeastern US. The course will also incorporate various outdoor labs and field trips to a variety of southeastern habitats, where field identification and study/survey techniques will be demonstrated. Note: A travel fee of $25 is required.
  
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    BIOL 2884 Biological Studies of the United States

    4 hours
    This course will explore various areas of the United States and destinations will change depending on the term. Emphasis will be on basic principles of ecology, field-study techniques,identification of local flora and fauna, and general-nature interpretation. Students will be immersed in an ecologically important area of the United States and will incorporate various outdoor investigations and field trips to a number of natural areas. Trip costs will be determined based on destination.
  
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    BIOL 2894 International Studies in Biology

    4 hours
    This course will explore various areas of the world and destinations will change depending on the term. Emphasis will be on basic principles of ecology, field-study techniques, identification of local flora and fauna, and general-nature interpretation. Students will be immersed in an ecologically important area of the world and will incorporate various outdoor investigations and field trips to a number of natural areas. Trip costs will be determined based on international destination.
  
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    BIOL 2900 Biology Studies

    Variable credit (1-3 hours)
    Any topic in biology meeting the approval of the division chair and Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences. This course may be a directed or independent study or an experimental courses for individuals or for a group of students. Prerequisite:  Consent of instructor. Note:  Students who receive financial aid from any source including federal or state aid or veterans’ or military benefits may be personally responsible for the tuition/fees for this course when repeating it for credit.  Contact the Office of Financial Aid or the Veteran’s Services Representative in the Office of Academic Records for more information prior to registration.
  
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    BIOL 3033 Immunology

    3 credits
    Introduction to the structure, function, production, and reactions of antibodies, and a study of immunity in general. Offered on demand. Prerequisites: BIOL 1004 , CHEM 1004 , and CHEM 1054 .
  
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    BIOL 3054 Mammalogy

    4 hours
    This course will explore the diversity of mammals, covering evolutionary history, anatomy and physiology, reproduction, behavior, ecology, biogeography, and conservation. Emphasis will be placed on the ecology and identification of habitats and species native to the southeastern US. The course will also incorporate various outdoor labs and field trips to a variety of southeastern habitats, where field identification and study/survey techniques will be demonstrated. Laboratory included. Recommended prerequisite: BIOL 1014  or BIOL 2034 . Note: A travel fee of $25 is required.
  
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    BIOL 3064 Entomology

    4 credits
    Study of the anatomy, physiology, and behavior of insects and related animals. Lab work includes capturing and identifying insects. Prerequisite: BIOL 2034 . Includes laboratory.
  
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    BIOL 3074 Field Biology

    4 credits
    An introduction to methods and techniques for studying populations and communities in their natural settings. Includes emphasis on the plants and animals of South Carolina. Prerequisite: BIOL 1014 . Note: An overnight trip is required. Includes laboratory. A travel fee of $25 is required.
  
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    BIOL 3083 Forestry

    3 hours
    An introduction to the science and practice of forestry and natural resource management including principles of ecology, forest management, and public policy. Instruction may include field trips to local areas where forestry management techniques are being utilized. Recommended prerequisite: BIOL 1014 . Note: A travel fee of $25 is required.
  
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    BIOL 3104 Microbiology

    4 credits
    Study of common forms of bacteria, viruses, protozoa and fungi, and their relationship to plant and animal life and to public health. Bacteriological techniques are taught in the laboratory. Prerequisite: BIOL 1004 . Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    BIOL 3174 Aquatic and Wetland Biology

    4 credits
    A study of aquatic and wetland habitats emphasizing a watershed approach and classification using physical, chemical, and biological characteristics. The need for and practice of wetlands delineation and the importance of wetland habitat for management and production of wetland wildlife species will be emphasized. Prerequisite: BIOL 1014 . Note: Additional laboratory fee of $65 and travel fee of $25 are required.
  
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    BIOL 3204 Anatomy and Physiology I

    4 credits
    A two-semester study of human structure and function as an integrated whole, with emphasis on homeostasis and feedback mechanisms.  Recommended prerequisite: BIOL 1004 . Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    BIOL 3214 Anatomy and Physiology II

    4 credits
    A two-semester study of human structure and function as an integrated whole, with emphasis on homeostasis and feedback mechanisms.  Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    BIOL 3254 Biochemistry

    4 credits
    A study of physiologically significant organic molecules. Prerequisites: BIOL 1004  and CHEM 1054 .  Recommended prerequisite:  CHEM 2504 . Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    BIOL 3303 Animal Behavior

    3 credits
    Designed to investigate the physiological bases of animal behavior and the behavior of animals in response to their environment. Prerequisite: PSYC 2003  or BIOL 1014  or BIOL 1104 .
  
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    BIOL 3313 Bioethics

    3 credits
    A study of the ethical dilemmas posed by human effect on the environment at large and those encountered in medical practice. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing.
  
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    BIOL 3404 Physiology of Behavior

    4 credits
    Designed to investigate the anatomical and physiological basis of human behavior, including the physiological bases of disorders which affect human behavior.  Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    BIOL 3454 Cellular and Molecular Biology

    4 credits
    An introduction to structure and function of cells and tissues, and the techniques for studying them, with emphasis on animal material. Prerequisites: BIOL 1004  and CHEM 1054 . Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    BIOL 3504 Genetics

    4 credits
    Mendelism; population genetics; the genetic code; protein synthesis; differentiation and control of gene action. Prerequisites: BIOL 1004 CHEM 1054 , and MATH 1024  or higher level. Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    BIOL 3653 The Ecology of South Carolina-Mountains to the Sea

    3 credits
    Despite its small size, South Carolina possesses a wide array of natural communities. This course will explore the natural history of South Carolina’s four physiographic provinces: Blue Ridge, Piedmont, Sandhills, and Coastal Plain. Emphasis will be on basic principles of ecology, field-study techniques, identification of local flora and fauna, and general-nature interpretation. The course will incorporate various outdoor laboratory investigations and field trips to a number of natural areas. Some of the field trips will involve overnight stays at minimal cost. (Offered during May term.) Prerequisite: BIOL 1014 . Note: Additional laboratory fee of $65 and travel fee of $25 are required.
  
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    BIOL 3853 Wildlife and Natural Resource Management

    3 credits
    An introduction to the science and practice of wildlife and natural resource management including principles of ecology, population biology, and public policy. Instruction will include field trips to local areas where management techniques are being utilized. Prerequisite: BIOL 1014 . Note: A travel fee of $25 is required.
  
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    BIOL 4000 Biology Studies

    Variable credit (1-4 hours)
    Any topic in biology meeting the approval of the division chair and the dean of the College of Arts and Sciences. Graded P or NC. Offered on sufficient demand. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.  Recommended prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing.
  
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    BIOL 4203 Pathophysiology

    3 credits
    This course promotes the understanding and application of fundamental disease processes. The concepts are applied in a systems-oriented approach and the aim is to teach students the pathogenesis of various symptoms and diseases affecting the human body, particularly affecting the musculoskeletal, nervous, endocrine, cardiopulmonary, hematological, immune, renal and gastrointestinal systems. General concepts of disease, including etiology, pathogenesis, and clinical significance are dealt with, as well as regulatory mechanisms responsible for maintenance of homeostasis and the alterations which occur leading to specific disease processes. Altered physiological functions are explained on the molecular, cellular, organ and systemic level. Prerequisites: BIOL 3204  and BIOL 3214 .
  
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    BIOL 4253 Neurobiology

    3 credits
    An introduction to the cellular physiology of the mammalian brain with particular focus on the electrical properties of neurons, the process of neurotransmission and the general properties of the neuronal circuits. Areas of the brain and specific brain circuits involved in learning and memory, movement and emotion will be studied as a means of applying general principles of neurobiology. Prerequisites: BIOL 3204   and BIOL 3214 .
  
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    BIOL 4273 Developmental Biology

    3 credits
    A one-semester elective designed for Biology and Pre-med majors. Students will learn the principles governing embryonic development with a focus on mammalian development. We will explore how a single fertilized egg undergoes cell division, cell migration and differentiation to form the distinct tissue types and organs found in an adult organism. Prerequisites: BIOL 3504  and Junior or Senior standing.
  
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    BIOL 4353 Comparative and Environmental Physiology

    3 credits
    A comparative study of anatomical, physiological and biochemical adaptations of various animals. Prerequisites: BIOL 1004 , BIOL 2034 , CHEM 1004  and CHEM 1054 . BIOL 4354 has a laboratory included; BIOL 4353 does not.
  
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    BIOL 4800 Biology Senior Internship

    Variable credit (1-21 hours)
    An internship off-campus to provide professional development for senior level students. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.  Recommended prerequisite:  Junior or Senior standing. Note:  Grade of P or NC.  Students who receive financial aid from any source including federal or state aid or veterans’ or military benefits may be personally responsible for the tuition/fees for this course when repeating it for credit.  Contact the Office of Financial Aid or the Veteran’s Services Representative in the Office of Academic Records for more information prior to registration.
  
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    BIOL 4900 Independent Study

    Variable credit (1-3 hours)
    Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.  Recommended prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing. Note:  Students who receive financial aid from any source including federal or state aid or veterans’ or military benefits may be personally responsible for the tuition/fees for this course when repeating it for credit.  Contact the Office of Financial Aid or the Veteran’s Services Representative in the Office of Academic Records for more information prior to registration.
  
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    BIOL 4990 Research in Biology

    Variable credit
    A faculty supervised, independent research project. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.  Recommended prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing.

Business

  
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    BUSI 1003 Introduction to Business

    3 credits
    A survey of the basic concepts of business and commerce within the U.S. economic framework. Introduces economic systems, essential elements of business organization, production, human resource management, marketing, finance, and risk management. Develops business vocabulary. Explores the concepts of vocation and the Christian response to work.
  
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    BUSI 2093 Business Communications

    3 credits
    This course is designed to provide an overview of practical communication for career. Specific areas covered include English usage, punctuation, and mechanics; word choice, sentence structure and paragraphing; the writing process; e-mails, memos, letters, proposals, reports, technical documentation, and oral presentations.
  
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    BUSI 3403 Management Information Systems

    3 credits
    This course explores management information systems and their role in the business organization.  The course will address the functions and development of information systems and their use in organizational problem-solving and analysis. Prerequisite: CPSC 1103  or equivalent.
  
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    BUSI 3503 Business Calculus and Forecasting

    3 credits
    This course introduces the basic concepts of calculus and its applications to business and economics.  It will focus on basic calculus concepts including single and multivariable derivatives as well as additional statistics topics such as regression and forecasting. Prerequisites:  STAT 3123  and MATH 1053  or higher level math or placement test.

Chemistry

  
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    CHEM 1004 General Chemistry I

    4 credits
    Principles of inorganic chemistry as illustrated by important elements, compounds, and reactions. Prerequisite: Score of 500 or better on Math SAT (ACT 20) or College Algebra and Trig or higher level math. Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    CHEM 1054 General Chemistry II

    4 credits
    Introduction to physical chemistry and qualitative analysis. Prerequisite:  CHEM 1004  with a minimum grade of C-. Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    CHEM 1104 Introduction to Chemistry

    4 credits
    Students will learn the basic principles and practical applications of chemistry. Topics: measurement, ionic and covalent compounds, chemical calculations, states of matter; energy, solutions, reactions, chemical bonding, gases, and acids and bases. Laboratory components consist of learning the principles of experimental design and record keeping, developing concepts regarding accuracy and precision of experimental data, and learning how to report scientific findings. Prerequisite: Algebra I and II or satisfactory high school Math SAT score or MATH 1053 . This course is recommended for students who plan to take College General Chemistry but had no or did not do well in chemistry course in high school or those who have been out of college for a long time and are coming back to school.  Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    CHEM 2504 Organic Chemistry I

    4 credits
    Study of the preparations and reactions of the various organic functional groups with emphasis upon the mechanisms of the reactions. Prerequisites: CHEM 1004  and CHEM 1054 . Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    CHEM 2514 Organic Chemistry II

    4 credits
    Study of the preparations and reactions of the various organic functional groups with emphasis upon the mechanisms of the reactions. Prerequisite: CHEM 2504  with a minimum grade of C-. Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    CHEM 2900 Chemistry Studies

    Variable credit (1-4 hours)
    Any topic in chemistry meeting the approval of the Division Chair and Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences. These courses are variable credit and may be directed or independent study or experimental courses for individuals or for a group of students. Prerequisite:  Consent of instructor. Note:  Students who receive financial aid from any source including federal or state aid or veterans’ or military benefits may be personally responsible for the tuition/fees for this course when repeating it for credit.  Contact the Office of Financial Aid or the Veteran’s Services Representative in the Office of Academic Records for more information prior to registration.
  
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    CHEM 3254 Biochemistry

    4 credits
    A study of physiologically significant organic molecules. Prerequisites: BIOL 1004  and CHEM 1054 .  Recommended prerequisite: CHEM 2504 . Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    CHEM 3404 Inorganic Analysis

    4 credits
    Analysis of inorganic compounds and inorganic elements in organometallic compounds. Prerequisite: CHEM 1054 . Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    CHEM 3414 Organic Analysis

    4 credits
    Chemical and instrumental methods commonly used on organic compounds and mixtures. Prerequisite: CHEM 2504 . Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    CHEM 3454 Physical Chemistry I

    4 credits
    Includes the gaseous state, thermodynamics, chemical equilibria, and atomic and molecular structure, from both experimental and theoretical points of view. Prerequisites: CHEM 1054 , MATH 3524  , and PHYS 2044 . Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    CHEM 3464 Physical Chemistry II

    4 credits
    Continuation of CHEM 3454 , including chemical kinetics, liquid and solid state, phase equilibria, solutions, electrochemistry and surfaces. Prerequisite: CHEM 3454 . Additional laboratory fee of $65 is required.
  
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    CHEM 4000 Chemistry Studies

    Variable credit (1-4 hours)
    Any topic in chemistry meeting the approval of the division chair and the dean of the College of Arts and Sciences. Graded P/NC. Offered on sufficient demand. Prerequisites:  Junior or Senior standing and consent of instructor.
  
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    CHEM 4100 Chemistry Studies

    Variable Credit (1-4 hours)
    Experimental course that is offered upon sufficient demand. Prerequisites: Junior or Senior standing and consent of instructor.
  
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    CHEM 4800 Chemistry Senior Internship

    Variable credit (1-4 hours)
    An internship off-campus, to provide professional development for senior-level students. Prerequisites:  Junior or Senior standing and consent of instructor. Note:  Graded P/NC.  Students who receive financial aid from any source including federal or state aid or veterans’ or military benefits may be personally responsible for the tuition/fees for this course when repeating it for credit.  Contact the Office of Financial Aid or the Veteran’s Services Representative in the Office of Academic Records for more information prior to registration.
  
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    CHEM 4900 Independent Study

    Variable credit (1-3 hours)
    Prerequisite:  Consent of instructor. Note:  Students who receive financial aid from any source including federal or state aid or veterans’ or military benefits may be personally responsible for the tuition/fees for this course when repeating it for credit.  Contact the Office of Financial Aid or the Veteran’s Services Representative in the Office of Academic Records for more information prior to registration.
  
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    CHEM 4993 Research in Chemistry

    3 credits
    A faculty supervised, independent research project. Prerequisite:  Consent of instructor.

Communication

  
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    COMM 1003 Introduction to Communication Studies

    3 credits
    Students will develop an understanding of the broad academic discipline of communication. Students will learn biblical principles of communication, as well as research and presentation skills needed for the major.
  
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    COMM 1203 History of Media

    3 credits
    Students will understand the significance of media history. Students will study key people, events, and discoveries that have shaped modern media and will learn how past events impact future media developments.
  
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    COMM 1503 Multi-Media Production

    3 credits
    Students will learn the basics of digital audio and video production. Students will learn techniques of non-linear editing, vocal performance, and digital storytelling.
  
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    COMM 2123 Interpersonal Communication

    3 credits
    Students will discover their personal communication patterns.  Students will learn the process of interpreting messages of others within diverse contexts and initial steps toward resolving conflicts.
 

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